?CASINOS ASSOCIATED TO OTHER HAVANA HOTELS?

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As previously stated in our introduction to the history of casinos in Cuba, Batista’s second presidency, starting in March 1952, marked the beginning of a period of openness and increase of organized gambling in combination with development of tourism. This reached its climax with the 2074 Decree-law on January 27th 1955 that provided for licenses to set up casinos in hotels with a total investment exceeding one million pesos. From then on, an in less than three years, several casinos were open in hotels in Havana. Sevilla and Plaza that existed already, together with the newly created Comodoro, Deauville, and St. John’s are among the most important. They all had in common being property or having been built with an important participation of Cuban capitals, and being luxury hotels but not first-class. Therefore, we have grouped them in one page, because the others, those controlled by Lansky and the Habana Hilton, have been dealt with apart.

As to the habitual summary that we include in each page, data such as their investors and owners’ identities, construction dates, room capacity, historical occurrences, etc. are obtainable. However, when it comes to their casinos, the task becomes quite difficult due to the veil of discretion they covered their operations with and the little information that is available regarding the matter. As usually, stories and subjective opinions are abundant, but testimonies allowing us to offer real information are limited. Only a few photos and advertisements, or articles published in magazines of the epoch, all of which will be shown in our gallery of images, help us make sense of such evasive topic. However, it would be interesting to point out that being these casinos less luxurious and located downtown, had a great influx of local costumers whose bets were lower, but they gambled more intensely and over longer periods, sometimes 24 hours a day. Because of this, they issued many series in various colours.

As it fallows, we will deal with each one in particular:


The Sevilla hotel:

This old building, located on the block limited by Trocadero, Paseo del Prado, and Zulueta streets, was regarded as one of the three most important hotels in Havana since its inauguration, on March 22nd 1908, until halfway through the 50’s, when the big hotels in Vedado began to rise. It was built by Urbano Gonzáles, from Asturias, at a cost of half million pesos. From the very beginning, it pleased foreign guests, especially Americans, who were attracted by its central location and beautiful Moorish lines. The wide ground floor had shops, barbershop, cafeteria, conference room, a lobby with luxurious furniture, and several other facilities. Its 162 rooms, with bathroom and telephone, were accessible by two elevators and two stairs. Every floor had suites and entrance and access halls. The great Andalusian courtyard contributed to increase the air flow in the rooms, which had a high ceiling most common at the time to make them more comfortable during the summer.

In the 1920’s, it was bought by the American hotel industrialist John McEntee Bowman, owner of large hotel networks, who in 1924 added a second building he baptized as Sevilla Biltmore. It, with a much more modern style, ten stories, spacious rooms for new stores, and completing room capacity to 300, was attached to the first building with a new entrance on Paseo del Prado, making it one of the most luxurious hotels in Cuba. Frank Steinhart, founder of the Jockey Club and its associated casino, was its vice-president around those days.

It remained functioning with ups and downs, and by the late 1930’s it was acquired by means of stock trading by Amletto Battisti, president of the  “Compañía Cubana-Uruguaya para el Fomento del Turismo” (Cuban-Uruguayan Company for Tourism Promotion), a well-known figure in the organized gambling circles whom we have referred to in the page dealing with the Oriental Park racecourse. Battisti remained owner of the Sevilla up to the end of the republican period, when he had to leave the country in a rush as the revolution triumphed.

As a matter of fact, this hotel was an important axis in the history of the city. Many important events occurred in its famous Roof Garden, ultimate place for big business and political meetings that set the course of an epoch with its elegance, popularity, and because of its regular costumers. It was the fashionable room within the high society. Among its guests, there are several celebrities like Enrico Caruso, Josephine Baker, etc., many of whose stays are spiced with much mentioned anecdotes.

Although a lot has been speculated about the practice of games of chance in its premises, partly due to Battisti’s undeniable connexions with organized gambling circles, it wasn’t until 1957 that he, protected under the new tourism law and his connexions with the authorities, got clearance to open a casino on the ground floor. The casino was inaugurated in June that year, with associated first-class shows and a gaming room of a popular kind opening from 12 noon through 6 am. The first mention to this centre appeared in the August edition of the Confidencial magazine, in an advertising article clearly about the games of chance in its premises. Apparently located on top of the cafeteria, this seems to have been the Cuban casino with more roulette tables, because its chips with no value, with their four namely colours, reach the letter J. Since it operated for a long time, its chips appear sometimes pretty worn out.


The Plaza hotel:

Located on the central corner of Zulueta and Neptuno streets, diagonally across Central Park facing the famous Manzana de Gómez, a few blocks away from the Capitol and the seafront, this is one of the symbols of Havana’s architectural glory in the early republican period. The original two-story building dates back to the late 19th Century, and it was financed by Leopoldo Gonzáles Carvajal, Marquee of Pinar del Río. It was the Diario de la Marina newspaper’s head office until 1909 when it moved to a new building in Prado and Teniente Rey. Starting then, the building was remodelled to become a hotel, adding two more stories, and enlarging it up to Monserrate street, always respecting its original classic style. After the marquee died, the hotel passed to his heirs, who in 1917 leased it to the so-called “Company of the Plaza Hotel”, owned by the American Walter Fletcher Smith. Already in 1939, it became property of Luciano de la Torre, vice-president of the Cuban Hotel Association.

Maybe because of its peculiar charm or its central location, this is one of the Cuban hotels the long history of which possesses the fullest collection of famous guests and events. Figures like Ana Pavlova, Isadora Duncan, Albert Einstein, Babe Ruth, etc. are among those who stayed in its rooms. In one of its halls, the great Cuban chess player José Raúl Capablanca played his first tournament, and in the Roof Garden, one of the warmest spots in town, other than musical shows that represented a landmark, rumour has it that an indiscreet reporter took a picture of the notorious Lucky Luciano, which exposed him and caused his deportation to Italy in 1946.

About the operations of its casino, the data we have been able to gather are few. It was inaugurated in accordance with the law that has been previously mentioned. It didn’t operate for long, and was rather conceived as an intimate place, appropriate for distinguished tourists. We have some doubts regarding its issues of chips. Only a few are to be found in the market because the casino was assaulted by the angry masses on January 1st 1959, and its equipment, furniture and fittings were destroyed and thrown to the streets. In the cases of chips with value of 1, 5, and 25 pesos, they have appeared more in the American market. Seemingly, they had been made there and had no time to reach their destination.


The Comodoro hotel:

It was built on the coast, with 98 rooms and 30 cabins, at a cost of 3 million pesos. It was located on the 1st and 84 streets, and like its neighbour hotel Copacabana, it had a beautiful artificial beach and an olympic-sized swimming pool. It was property of José López Serrano, son of “Pote”, the richest man in Cuba in the early last century. In addition to being a hotel, it also functioned as a private club for the Comodoro Yatch Club associates.

The first advertisement of its casino appeared in April 1957 in the Show magazine. According to this, Ralph Reina, former owner of the boat Montecarlo in Long Beach, California, was its manager at the time. Starting in October 1958, the new manager was Salvatore Scalia. However, everyone knew that it was really operated by Santos Traficante. It was a small casino, of intimate ambiance, unpretentiously equipped, that even boasted about using the cheapest chips of its kind (10 cents), rather frequented by local costumers, many of the show business.

It was favoured by an adjoining club where great musicians of the time performed, such as Felipe Dulzaires and the Armonics, the Servando Díaz Trio, the D’Aida Quartet , Rolando Laserie, Fernándo Álvarez, etc.

This was one of the casinos that in addition to having operated for quite a while (almost two years) weren’t destroyed on January 1st. It was among those authorized to reopen by the resolution of March 1959, but it never really functioned again. Its chips with value are quite rare. However, the table chips used for the roulette appear occasionally, sometimes in pretty bad conditions.


St John’s hotel:

Located on O Street, between 23 and 25, at the heart of Vedado, one block away from the capital’s raising Rampa, it was inaugurated in 1957, at a cost of

1 350 000.00 pesos. It was property of the “Operadora de Hoteles Cubanos S.A.” (Cuban Hotel Operator Inc.), and it was leased to the “Compañía Hotelera Inter-Insulares, S.A.” (Inter-Isle Hotel Company Inc.). Both companies were under the control of José López Vilaboy, an important hotel industrialist at the time, shareholder in over twenty firms protected by the government and close to president Batista. It had among its facilities, on the top floor, the Pico Blanco cabaret, one of the most popular in the capital because of its attractive music shows.

About its casino, even though we have found and advertisement in 1959’s Guía Social (Social Guidebook) –that was actually published when most of the shows it announced had been banned- we haven’s found testimony that it ever operated. Its chips even remained completely unknown for years until they were brought to light by chance, all new and even in their original cases.


The Deauville Hotel:

Located on Havana’s appealing seafront, on the corner of Galeano, it was inaugurated in early 1958, with all the facilities of the best hotels of its time: air-conditioned rooms with a view over the ocean, convention hall, cabaret, first-class restaurants, swimming pool, and solarium, several bars, etc. It had two casinos, a luxury one, operated by Santos Traficante, located next to the famous Nevada bar, and a popular one accessible from San Lázaro street. It was destroyed on January 1st, because it was very close to the city centre where the masses gathered and marched towards the seafront, entering through the door of the popular casino.


Details of the sample

Let’s now see the list of the images we propose, which include in addition to the chips, others like postcards, photos, advertisements, etc. related to the history of these centres and the persons who built and operated them.

No. -- Description -- Color

A-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “Deauville Habana” imprinted at the center  -- Orange

A-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Deauville Habana” imprinted at the center  -- Brown

A-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “Deauville Habana” imprinted at the center  -- Green

A-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos, Set “Deauville Habana” imprinted at the center  -- Black

    

B-01 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Beige

B-01r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Beige

B-02 -- Obverse – chip value 1 ½ Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Dark brown

B-02r -- Reverse – chip value 1 ½ Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Dark brown

B-03 -- Obverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Olive green

B-03r -- Reverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Olive green

B-04 -- Obverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Orange

B-04r -- Reverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Orange

B-05 -- Obverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Green

B-05r -- Reverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Green

B-06 -- Obverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Brilliant green

B-06r -- Reverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Brilliant green

B-07 -- Obverse – chip value 4 ½ Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Black

B-07r -- Reverse – chip value 4 ½ Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Black

B-08 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Light brown

B-08r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Light brown

B-09 -- Obverse – chip value 10 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Red

B-09r -- Reverse – chip value 10 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Red

B-10 -- Anverso – ficha valor 20 Pesos, Serie “Deauville” impreso al centro. -- Azul

B-10 -- Obverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Blue

B-10r -- Reverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Blue

B-11 -- Obverse – chip value 50 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Yellow

B-11r -- Reverse – chip value 50 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Yellow

B-12 -- Obverse – chip value 75 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Dark green

B-12r -- Reverse – chip value 75 Pesos, Set “Deauville” imprinted at the center -- Dark green

    

C-01 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Hard red

C-01r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Hard red

C-02 -- Obverse – chip value 1.50 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Yellow

C-02r -- Reverse – chip value 1.50 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Yellow

C-03 -- Obverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Dark pink

C-03r -- Reverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Dark pink

C-04 -- Obverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Green

C-04r -- Reverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Green

C-05 -- Obverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Cream

C-05r -- Reverse – chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Cream

C-06 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Light red

C-06r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Light red

C-07 -- Obverse – chip value 10 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Black

C-07r -- Reverse – chip value 10 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- Black

C-08 -- Obverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- White

C-08r -- Reverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Deauville Casino” in transparent plastic. -- White

    

E-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “Casino Comodoro” imprinted at the center  -- Orange

E-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos Set “Casino Comodoro” imprinted at the center  -- Brown

E-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos Set “Casino Comodoro” imprinted at the center  -- Green

E-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos Set “Casino Comodoro” imprinted at the center  -- Black

    

G-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Cream

G-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Red

G-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Blue

G-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Cream

G-09 -- Anverso ídem reverso: ficha sin valor Mesa B, Serie “Casino Comodoro”. -- Yellow

G-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Olive green

G-15 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Cream

G-17 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Light brown

G-20 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Dark brown

G-21 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Red

G-22 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Cream

G-24 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Red

G-25 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Blue

G-27 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Light brown

G-28 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Dark brown

G-29 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Cream

G-30 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Yellow

G-31 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Red

G-34 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Light brown

G-35 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino Comodoro”. -- Dark brown

    

H-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 2 Pesos, Set “H S - Hotel Sevilla”. -- Light green

H-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 4 Pesos, Set “H S - Hotel Sevilla”. -- Mustard

H-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “H S - Hotel Sevilla”. -- Brown

    

I-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana” imprinted at the center. -- Orange

    

J-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light orange

J-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Wine red

J-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”.(different imprint) -- Wine red

J-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue green

J-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. (different imprint) -- Blue green

J-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Black

    

K-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Red

K-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue

K-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

K-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue

K-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

K-18 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table E, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Red

K-21 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table F, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-22 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table F, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Red

K-23 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table F, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue

K-24 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table F, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

K-25 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table G, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-26 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table G, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Red

K-28 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table G, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

K-33 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table I, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-35 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table I, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue

K-36 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table I, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

K-37 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table J, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Yellow

K-39 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table J, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Blue

K-40 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table J, Set “Casino de Sevilla Habana”. -- Light brown

    

M-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Yellow/black

M-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Brown/black

M-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Red/green

M-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Gray/violet

M-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Blue green/red

M-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Olive green/red

M-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Black/yellow

M-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos, Set “St. John’s Casino Habana Cuba” imprinted at the center. -- Cream/brown

    

N-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos for table A, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Brown

N-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos for table B, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Brown

    

P-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Cream

P-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Yellow

P-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Red

P-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Brown

P-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Cream

P-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Yellow

P-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Red

P-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Brown

P-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Cream

P-10 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Yellow

P-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Red

P-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “St. John’s Casino”. -- Brown

    

Q-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso, Set “Plaza Casino”. -- Yellow/blue

Q-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino”. -- Red/black

Q-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino”. -- Green/yellow

    

R-01 -- Obverse – chip value 0.50 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino” in plastic -- Cream

R-01r -- Reverse – chip value 0.50 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino” in plastic -- Cream

R-02 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Plaza Casino” in plastic -- White

R-02r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Plaza Casino” in plastic -- White

    

S-02 -- Obverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Orange

S-02r -- Reverse – chip value 2 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Orange

S-03 -- Obverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Green

S-03r -- Reverse – chip value 3 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Green

S-05 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Blue

S-05r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Blue

S-07 -- Obverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Pink

S-07r -- Reverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “P C - Plaza Casino”. -- Pink

    

T-01 -- Obverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino imprinted over C S I”. -- Black/cream

T-01r -- Reverse – chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Plaza Casino imprinted over C S I”. -- Black/cream

    

U-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Plaza Casino”. -- Yellow

U-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table D, Set “Plaza Casino”. -- Yellow

    

V-01 -- Deauville Hotel Casino – article in “Show” magazine of October 1958  

V-02 -- Deauville Hotel Casino – propaganda in 1959 Guía Social Habana   

V-03 -- Deauville Hotel Casino – propaganda in 1959 Directorio Social de la Habana 1959  

V-04 -- Destruction in the Deauville Casino – Newspaper “Diario de la Marina” of January 5, 1959  

V-05 -- North-American dealers go out from the Deauville Casino – “Newspaper Prensa Libre” of January 6, 1959  

    

W-01 -- The Casino of the Comodoro Hotel - photo  

W-02 -- Comodoro Hotel from the sea - photo  

W-03 -- Comodoro Hotel from the beach - photo  

W-04 -- The bar of the Comodoro Hotel - photo  

W-06 -- Entrance of the Comodoro Hotel – post card  

W-07 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in 1958 Guía Social Habana   

W-08 -- Comodoro Yacht Club Hotel and Casino -  propaganda in 1959 Guía Social Habana   

W-09 -- Comodoro Casino – Meeting place in Havana’s night – article in magazine  

W-12 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of April 1957  

W-13 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of July 1957  

W-14 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of September 1957  

W-16 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of November 1957  

W-17 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of December 1957  

W-18 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of January 1958  

W-19 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of March 1958  

W-20 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of October 1958  

W-21 -- Comodoro Hotel – exterior of a propaganda booklet  

W-22 -- Comodoro Casino – reverse of the former booklet  

W-23 -- Comodoro Casino – A Luxurious Paradise by the sea… propaganda booklet  

    

X-01 -- Sevilla Casino – propaganda in the back cover of “Confidencial” magazine of August 1957  

X-02 -- Sevilla Casino – propaganda in the back cover of “Confidencial” magazine of January 1958  

X-03 -- Article about Amleto Battisti – “Confidencial” magazine of January 1958  

X-04 -- Amleto Battisti in 1946 - photo  

X-05 -- Valentina T. de Battisti, Amleto’s wife - photo  

X-06 -- Amleto Battisti arrives to Havana – “Smart” magazine of January 1937  

X-07 -- Amleto Battisti with the president in the Jockey Club – “Smart” magazine of February 1936  

X-08 -- Opening of Amleto Battisti’s casino - “Confidencial” magazine of May 1957  

X-09 -- Amleto Battisti with his wife – “Confidencial” magazine of June 1957  

X-10 -- Sevilla Casino – dedicated page in “Show” magazine of June 1957  

X-11 -- Comodoro Casino – propaganda in “Show” magazine of October 1957  

X-13 -- Sevilla Casino – propaganda in 1959 Directorio Social de La Habana   

X-14 -- Sevilla Casino – back cover of the “Confidencial” magazine of May 1957.  

x-15 -- Sevilla Hotel – Front cover of a photos’ booklet.  

x-16 -- Sevilla Hotel – 1920s propaganda  

    

Y-01 -- St Johns Casino - propaganda in 1959 Guía Social Habana   

    

Z-01 -- Plaza Casino – propaganda page   

Z-05 -- Destruction of the Plaza Casino, January 1, 1959 – photo   

Z-06 -- Remains of the destroyed Plaza Casino, January 1, 1959 – photo   

Z-07 -- Exterior of the destroyed Plaza Casino, January 1, 1959 – photo   

Z-08 -- Destruction of the Plaza Casino – Newspaper “Diario de la Marina” of January 5, 1959  

Z-09 -- Tables of the Plaza Casino thrown to the street – Newspaper “Prensa Libre” of January 6, 1959  

Z-10 -- Furniture of the destroyed Plaza Casino – Newspaper “Prensa Libre” of January 6, 1959  

Z-11 -- Exterior of the Plaza Casino – Newspaper “El Crisol” of January 5, 1959  

Z-12 -- Destroyed roulettes and tables of the Plaza Casino – Newspaper “Diario de la Marina” of January 5, 1959   

Z-13 -- Destruction of gambling machines of the Plaza Casino – Newspaper “Avance” of January 8, 1959   

Z-16 -- Article about the situation of the casinos in Havana – “Confidencial” magazine of January 1958, page 1

Z-17 -- Article about the situation of the casinos in Havana – “Confidencial” magazine of January 1958, page 2  

Z-21 -- Match box with propaganda of the Plaza Casino  

Z-22 -- Set of dice used in the Plaza Casino