?THE NUMEROUS SETS OF CHIPS OF THE TROPICANA CASINO?

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Tropicana, which became Havana’s most important night club by the late 1950’s, also had one of the busiest casinos in a city that by then was distinguished as the Caribbean centre of gambling and show. The casino existed under the cabaret’s shadow from the very beginning, and it evolved as time went by, from a simple garage with some gaming tables installed in a rented house to a modern establishment properly equipped for such matter that offered the best facilities of its kind available in the market at that time.

The success obtained by the centre’s musical productions that with its peculiar incorporation of man’s work to the exuberant nature had accomplished one of the most captivating ambiances in the show business at that time logically contributed to attract a great amount of costumers to the adjoining casino that, according to confessions of the owner Martín Fox, became the real profit maker of the centre. During almost twenty years of operations, it issued several series of chips, many of which were manufactured with great quality and decorated with interesting designs very much related to the centre’s history. And so, the Fountain of the Muses, the Statue of the Ballerina, a slender T, etc., were used as motifs in the various pieces that constitute the most extensive collection of a peculiar establishment within the Cuban casinos.

Even though this page’s main interest is showing those chips, since they are part of a whole represented by the famous cabaret that gave them a name, we shall include a brief summary on different aspects of this famous establishment’s history. 


A bit of history…

To talk about Tropicana, it is necessary to mention a beautiful pleasure estate by the name of Villa Mina, located on the then Truffin Avenue, in the municipality of Marianao, with over 36 000 square meters of well taken care of gardens and groves and a magnificent mansion as a central construction. This heavenly property had belonged to Regino Truffin, a well-known figure of French origin, who was the Russian consul in Cuba in the early 20th Century and even had influence on the name of the avenue that communicated the city centre with the western quarters. His wife, Mina Perez Chaumont, also of French origin, gave the villa her name and brought soul to the magnificent parties the family used to organize, traditionally attended by the most outstanding of Havana’s high society.

By the late 1930’s, after Mr. Truffin’s passing and a new marriage with an American that didn’t last long, Doña Mina found herself a widow with no funds to maintain her vast property, and so decided to offer it for rent. It was ideal grounds to establish an outdoor night club due to its natural conditions, and the fact that it was near the city centre but far enough from other residences that could be disturbed by loud music at late hours.

Such factors were foreseen by a man with connections in the world of forbidden gambling whose name was Rafael Mascaró. He convinced the Brazilian-Italian businessman Victor de Correa, an enthusiast figure of the show business who in those days owned the thriving Eden Concert cabaret located on Zulueta street, to associate with him. They rented the place, and financed the setting of a somewhat different cabaret in keeping with the place’s exuberant vegetation that, in addition, would allow operating an adjoining gaming room having a hedge and guaranteed clientele with the influx of costumers.

The centre was inaugurated on New Year’s Eve in 1939 under the frenchified name “Beau Site Club” to honour the estate’s owner.

The shows offered in a kind of gazebo surrounded by trees among which there was even a royal palm tree appearing like a column soon began to attract a great amount of regular costumers guarantying the installations a promising future. Correa’s experience and knowledge guaranteed these early productions’ artistic quality.

As time went by, according to the most commonly held opinion, the song “Tropicana” by the composer Alfredo Brito, that was included in the show back then, being heard by the choreographer and stage manager Sergio Orta, motivated him to use it as the cabaret’s name since he found it  more appropriate within the centre’s conception and natural environment.

And so, in the early days of 1941, the establishment began to be known as Tropicana. This name would make it famous throughout the world and has been kept to the present day. During its first decade, the centre operated with ups and downs due to factors such as the crisis within the tourist sector as a result from the war, hurricanes destroying its exposed facilities, the strict banning of games of chance in 1944 with Grau in the government, etc.

As a matter of fact, even though it grew popular due to the quality of its shows, this was just another club among so many in town in those days.

The true leap towards world fame and uncommon nature came in the mid 1950’s when the centre became property of Matin Fox, who decided to undertake an ambitious remodelling.

Martin Fox was an enterprising man from the world of organized gambling who was related to the centre practically since it was founded. Aka “El Guajiro” (the peasant) because he came from Ciego de Ávila, a town from the provinces, where he stood out for his bold operations in the world of the “Bolita” (forbidden game of great popularity that moved large capitals) had arrived in Havana in 1941. After renting some of the tables operated by Mascaró, he became the owner of all the centre’s gambling facilities by mid-1943 when due to the terrible situation deriving from the beginning of the war the business weakened forcing Mascaró to sell his share. During the following years, Fox continued paying the rent for the estate, obtaining great profits thanks to his connexions with the authorities, who despite the prohibition allowed him to keep on operating both table games as well as the always productive “bolita”. Finally, in the early 1950’s he managed to buy the property from Doña Mina, and he also became the owner of the cabaret by giving Correa a large sum of money in exchange for his shareholding. Then he was able to undertake the remodelling project he had long nurtured.

Such remodelling, contracted to the Borges architect firm, gave the establishment a unique and daring air from an architectural viewpoint that can only be described as spectacular. The first step was laying out a lovely avenue surrounded by royal palm trees and preceded by a beautiful parabolic arch leading us to an elegant hallway from where different rooms can be accessed.

The first one to be inaugurated was the room “Bajo las Estrellas” (Under the Stars), conceived entirely outdoors, substituting the existing stage by one of larger dimensions. Set up for great productions, it used several platforms at different levels, all in keeping with the exuberant vegetation surrounding the over one thousand costumers who would now be able to witness the show comfortably.

“Arcos de Cristal” (Crystal Arches) came later on as a big room under concrete arches the spaces between which were sealed with glass. Being indoors made it possible to open on rainy days. With big trees inside, this brilliant solution gave costumers the sensation of being in a natural environment in an indoor space. Such work earned the architect Max Borges the Golden Medal of the Cuban Architect Association in 1953.

These changes together with the fortunate idea of hiring the great choreographer Roderico Neyra “Rodney” to direct the big productions now needed under a new conception soon led Tropicana to become a required reference in the show business worldwide.

Super productions such as “Omelen-ko”, “Fantasía Mexicana” (Mexican Fantasy), “Bahiondo”, “Seis Lindas Cubanas” (Six Pretty Cubans), etc., all conceived by Rodney represented a landmark amazing the thousands of tourists who visited the place.

In addition, Fox’s clever management spared no funds when it came to hire the best artist of the epoch. Josephine Baker, Xavier Cugat, Carmen Miranda, Nat King Cole, Pedro Vargas, Celia Cruz, Bola de Nieve, Chano Pozo, Rita Montaner, Mercedita Valdés, etc., were among the world class figures that repetedly performed there.

Going back to the subject of our interest, the history of gambling in the centre, it began in Mascaró’s times with a few roulette tables and others for cards and dice located in the dining room of the estate’s old mansion, with no official permit for such purpose due to the existing prohibition. Therefore, the chips used during this early period simply had the initials of the name baptizing the centre BSC (“Beau Site Club”).

Later on, with Fox’s consolidation, and after getting rid of Mascaró, he decided to first remodel the house garage area and later a room initially used as a cafeteria, where he set up a larger casino with roulette tables and various games such as Bacarat, Monte and Dice, 21, etc. This facility, known as Salón Dorado (Golden Room), remained operating to the last minute, rather as a popular casino, going through early times of restrictions, corruption, cheating, and closures of gambling establishments that it survived thanks to its owner close ties with the authorities that logically also obtained utilities from this business. Linked to this business, that wasn’t officially registered, there are various series of chips that used either names such as BS (Beau Site), Tropicana Night Club, Tropical Night Club, Tropicana, etc.

Last, later on in the 50’s, there came the luxurious casino as part of the remodelling that began earlier in the decade and that became known as America’s Monte Carlo. It was set up following the most advanced norms, in a room specifically prepared for such purpose, because the new measures announced by Batista’s government allowed operating these kinds of centres. The equipment was the best available; long lines of slot machines, much in vogue at the time, and elegant tables for roulette, and cards and dice games.

As to the men who were close to Fox, other than his brother Pedro, who came to Havana together with him, and always accompanied his many business, the establishment’s success and efficient operation had a lot to do with Alberto Ardura, stage manager, Fox’s collaborator from the beginning, who had good connexions with Roberto Fernández Miranda, the President’s brother-in-law, which always ensured the centre the best protection. He was also good friends with other government’s influential figures such as Carlos Saladrigas, State Minister, Santiguito Rey, Minister of Interior and keen on gambling, etc.

Although Matin Fox was undoubtedly the unique owner of the casino, in order to project a serious trust worthy image in the eyes of American costumers, Lefty Clark, a gambling operator well-known in his country, was used as the centre’s visible figure. He even appeared as owner or manager in some of the multiple advertisements that were published. As to the chips used during this last period, they were the most striking among all that were issued, mostly commissioned to the Burt Company in the United States, and decorated with the images of well-known symbols of the centre like the Ballerina and the Fountain of the Muses.

The Ballerina was commissioned by Max Borges to Rita Longa, an important Cuban sculptor whose works can be found in several locations in town. On New Year’s Eve 1949, it was placed at the centre of a fountain close to the very entrance. Although it looks more like a classic dancer than a popular one, the piece turned out to be very suggestive, and gave the establishment an everlasting seal of distinction, appearing in various advertisements and all sort of implements.

The Fountain of the Muses was installed in the gardens, near the entrance, after being acquired by Fox in 1952. The emblematic piece, sculpted by the famous Italian sculptor Aldo Gamba had belonged until then to the National Casino, being for decades the country’s artistic symbol of gambling.

In the last days of 1958, gambling was at its peak in the previously mentioned facilities. Their regular customers were government leaders as well as a great deal of tourists and American gamblers many of which used a novel means of transportation: a cabaret-plane for day trips from Miami to Havana sponsored by the entity. Games of chance paid such dividends that Martin Fox coined the well-known simile “del pan y la mantequilla” (bread and butter), bread being provided by the casino, and butter by the cabaret.

When Batista fled, due to the distance separating it from the city centre, its protected entrance, and its workers consciousness, the establishment wasn’t destroyed or assaulted by the masses like others of its kind.

However, even when its casino was among the few allowed to reopen by the Saving and Housing Institute’s resolution halfway through March 1959, it faced serious difficulties to operate given its owner’s reputation as close to the previous regime and the various measures and restrictions that gradually came up. The absence of tourists, most of its operators leaving the island, and the authorities’ reluctance to gambling proliferation lead it to make more loss than profits and stop functioning for a very long period of time. Already in 1960, Martin Fox left the country, and the centre was intervened. As years went by, the room occupied by the casino became a smart restaurant.


Details on the sample:

As we have already explained, this page’s central subject will be the exhibition of chips issued by the establishment, which we will try to display in a manner as organized as possible, in chronological order according to the order of appearance of the different series they belonged to. Following these, and as a complement to the topics dealt with, we will include a series of images showing periodical’s articles, postcards, advertisements, implements, etc. related to the centre and its occurrences, as well as various unpublished pictures of the figures who were mentioned.

As it follows, in order to make your search easier if you want to see a particular image rather than browsing the whole gallery, we include the list of images comprised in this page:

No. -- Description -- Color

A-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Cream

A-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 2 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Dark gray

A-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 4 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Dark brown

A-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Yellow

A-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 25 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Olive green

A-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 50 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Light brown

A-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 75 Pesos – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Orange

A-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Croupier’s chip – Set BSC (Beau Site Club). -- Orange

    

B-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – chip without value – Set BS (Beau Site ). -- Cream

B-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set BS (Beau Site ). -- Yellow

B-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set BS (Beau Site ). -- Wine red

B-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set BS (Beau Site ). -- Blue

B-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set BS (Beau Site ). -- Green

    

C-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Cream

C-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Yellow

C-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Red

C-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Blue

C-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing.-- Olive green

C-06 -- Obverse – Chip value  5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Dark brown

C-06r -- Reverse – Chip value  5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Dark brown

C-07 -- Obverse – Chip value  25 Pesos – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Light brown

C-07r -- Reverse – Chip value  25 Pesos – Set Tropicana in cross-shaped writing -- Light brown

    

D-01 -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set Tropicana in arch-shaped writing -- Yellow

D-02 -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in arch-shaped writing -- Dark brown

D-03 -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 25 Pesos – Set Tropicana in arch-shaped writing -- Light brown

D-04 -- Obverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in arch-shaped writing -- Dark brown

D-04r -- Reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in arch-shaped writing -- Dark brown

E-01 -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set Tropicana Night Club -- Mustard

E-02 -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana Night Club -- Red

E-02a -- Obverse idem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana Night Club -- Red

F-01 -- Obverse – 20 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

F-01r -- Reverse – 20 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

F-02 -- Obverse – 100 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

F-02r -- Reverse – 100 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

F-03 -- Obverse – 500 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

F-03r -- Reverse – 500 pesos chip – Set Tropicana -- Orange

H-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Fountain -- Cream

H-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Fountain -- Yellow

H-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Fountain -- Red

H-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Fountain -- Blue

H-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Fountain -- Brown

H-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set of the Fountain -- Orange

H-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set of the Fountain -- Dark brown

H-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 25 Pesos – Set of the Fountain -- Olive green

H-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 100 Pesos – Set of the Fountain -- Black

J-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Cream

J-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Yellow

J-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Red

J-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Blue

J-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Olive green

J-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Dark brown

J-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Dark brown

J-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip without value – Set of the Ballerina -- Orange

J-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set of the Ballerina -- Yellow

J-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Red

J-13 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 10 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Blue

J-14 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 20 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Blue green

J-15 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 50 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Wine red

J-16 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 100 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Beige

J-17 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1000 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina -- Light red

K-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 100 Pesos – Set of the T -- Cream

L-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Black

L-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 2 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Dark brown

L-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 3 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Red

L-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Yellow

L-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 10 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Orange

L-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 20 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Cream

L-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 50 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Olive green

L-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 100 Pesos – Set Tropicana in an upper arch-shaped writing -- Light brown

M-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 0.50 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Brown

M-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 0.75 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Black

M-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Brown

M-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1.50 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Brown

M-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 2.00 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Black

M-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 3.00 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Orange

M-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Cream

M-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 10 Pesos – Set Tropicana  Monte y Dado -- Red

N-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value .50 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Light green

N-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 60 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Orange

N-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 75 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Cream

N-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 1 Peso – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Light blue

N-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 2 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Yellow

N-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 3 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Red

N-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 4 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- White

N-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Blue

N-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 10 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Green

N-10 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 20 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Brown

N-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse – Chip value 50 Pesos – Set Tropicana in a lower arch-shaped writing -- Black

P-01 -- Obverse – Chip value 1.25 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Pink

P-01r -- Reverse – Chip value 1.25 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Pink

P-02 -- Obverse – Chip value 3 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Orange

P-02r -- Reverse – Chip value 3 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Orange

P-03 -- Obverse – Chip value 20 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Wine red

P-03r -- Reverse – Chip value 20 Pesos – Set of the Ballerina between 4 circles -- Wine red

Q-01 -- Obverse – Chip value 0.60 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Olive green

Q-01r -- Reverse – Chip value 0.60 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Olive green

Q-02 -- Obverse – Chip value 1 Peso, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Blue

Q-02r -- Reverse – Chip value 1 Peso, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Blue

Q-03 -- Obverse – Chip value 1.25 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Cream

Q-03r -- Reverse – Chip value 1.25 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Cream

Q-04 -- Obverse – Chip value 1.50 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Beige

Q-04r -- Reverse – Chip value 1.50 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Beige

Q-05 -- Obverse – Chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Yellow

Q-05r -- Reverse – Chip value 2 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Yellow

Q-06 -- Obverse – Chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Red

Q-06r -- Reverse – Chip value 3 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Red

Q-07 -- Obverse – Chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- White

Q-07r -- Reverse – Chip value 4 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- White

Q-08 -- Obverse – Chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Dark blue

Q-08r -- Reverse – Chip value 5 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Dark blue

Q-09 -- Obverse – Chip value 6 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Sky blue

Q-09r -- Reverse – Chip value 6 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Sky blue

Q-10 -- Obverse – Chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Dark red

Q-10r -- Reverse – Chip value 20 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Dark red

Q-11 -- Obverse – Chip value 50 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Black

Q-11r -- Reverse – Chip value 50 Pesos, Set “Tropicals Night Club S. A.”  -- Black

R-01 -- Obverse – Possible chip-type key ring with an image of the ballerina  -- Cream

R-01r -- Reverse – Possible chip-type key ring with an image of the ballerina  -- Cream

S-01 -- Obverse idem reverse – Metallic chip with an image of the ballerina 

 --  --

T-01 -- Labor dossier of the dealer Fausto Bulart  

T-02 -- Page 998 of the 1960 Phone Book --

T-03 -- Page 999 of the 1960 Phone Book --

T-04 -- Page of “El Fígaro” with the image of Mina Pérez Chaumont --

T-05 -- Page of “El Fígaro” with the image of Mr. and Mrs.  Truffin’s residence --

U-01 -- Cover for photos of Tropicana in the forties. --

U-02 -- Cover for photos of Tropicana in the fifties. --

U-03 -- Cover for photos of Tropicana in the fifties. (Different design) --

U-04 -- Cover for photos of Tropicana with the image of the Fountain of the Muses --

U-05 -- Cover of the brochure “This is Tropicana” --

U-06 -- Page 8 of the brochure “This is Tropicana” with the image of the casino --

U-07 -- Page 9 of the brochure “This is Tropicana” with another image of the casino --

U-08 -- Page 10 of the brochure “This is Tropicana” with a n allusive poster. --

U-09 -- Page 11 of the brochure “This is Tropicana” with a photo of Rodney --

U-10 -- Folder with touring  propaganda. --

U-11  -- Reverse of the previous folder --

U-12 -- Tropicana Night Club – allusive propaganda --

U-13 -- Image of the casino in a propaganda brochure. --

U-14 -- Cover of a fólder for photos. --

U-16 -- Propaganda in a page of the 1959 “Guía Social” --

U-17 -- Propaganda in a page of the 1958 “Guía Social” --

U-18 -- Propaganda in a page of the 1957 “Guía Social” --

U-19 -- Propaganda in the magazine “Habana Yacht Club”, date May-June 1956. --

U-20 -- Propaganda in the Cabarets section of the 1958 Phone Bock.  --

U-21 -- Propaganda in the magazine “Confidencial”, date March 1957. --

U-22 -- Propaganda in the magazine “Show”, date June 1957. --

U-23 -- Propaganda in the magazine “Show”, date March 1958. --

U-24 -- Propaganda in the magazine “Show”, date October 1958. --

U-31 -- Article in the magazine  “Show”, date January 1956 (inauguration flight Miami – Tropicana) --

U-32 -- Article in the magazine  “Show”, date January 1956 --

U-33 -- Article in the magazine “Confidencial”, date October 1957. --

U-34 -- Article referred to Martin Fox in the magazine  “Show”, date December 1957 --

U-35 -- Page dedicated to Tropicana in the magazine  “Show”, date March 1958 --

V-01 -- Post card – The stage in the first times --

V-02 -- Post card – Another view of the stage in the first times --

V-03 -- Post card – Tropicana Night Club  --

V-04 -- Post card – View of the entrance arch --

V-05 -- Post card – Tropicana, The Montecarlo of the Americas --

V-06 -- Post card – Tropicana, Havana”s Fabulous Night Club and Casino --

V-07 -- Post card – Tropicana, Havana”s Fabulous Night Club and Casino (another image) --

V-08 -- Post card –  Lefty Clark’s new Casino. --

V-09 -- Post card – Lefty Clark’s new casino --

V-10 -- Post card – Entrance to Tropicana… --

V-11 -- Post card – Famous saloon “Crystal Archs” … --

V-12 -- Post card – Dreams become reality in Tropicana… --

V-13 -- Post card – Romantic terrace “Under the Stars” --

V-14 -- Post card – The charm of the tropical nights … --

V-15 -- Post card – The most dazzling beauties…  --

V-16 -- Post card – Tropicana, a World of enchantment … --

V-17 -- Post card – Crystal Archs --

V-18 -- Post card – Crystal Archs (different) --

V-19 -- Post card – Fountain of the Muses --

V-20 -- Post card – Tropicana, a paradise under the stars --

    

W-01 -- Photo – Víctor Correa as a cashier of the Eden in the thirties. --

W-O2 -- Photo – Víctor Correa signing a contract with the “Chavales de España”. --

    

X-01 -- Photo – Martin Fox - and Max Borges in the casino --

X-02 -- Photo – Martin Fox - and Max Borges in the gardens of the center --

X-03 -- Photo – Martin Fox - and Liberace in Tropicana --

X-04 -- Photo – Martin Fox - in his office --

X-05 -- Photo – Martin Fox - next to Ardura, Echemendia and his brother Pedro. --

X-06 -- Photo – Martin Fox - next to Xavier Cugat and others --

X-07 -- Photo – Martin Fox - next to his wife --

X-08 -- Photo – Martin Fox - in formal coat, in front of a microphone --

X-09 -- Photo – Martin Fox – farewell in his trip to Boston --

X-10 -- Photo – Martin Fox – next to his family and main collaborators --

X-21 -- Photo – Group of dealers around a roulette table --

X-22 -- Photo – The same former group of dealers posing for a photo --

X-23 -- Photo – Group of dealers around a playing cards table. --

X-24 -- Photo – Group of dealers at the entrance of the casino --

    

Y-01 -- Photo – Portrait of adolescent Rodney --

Y-02 -- Photo –Portrait of Rodney in 1941 --

Y-03 -- Photo – Rodney in the dance floor --

Y-04 -- Photo – Rodney in the gardens of Tropicana --

Y-05 -- Photo – Rodney next to his two dogs --

Y-06 -- Photo – Rodney in the custom house  --

Y-07 -- Photo – Rodney next to Martin Fox and others --

Y-08 -- Photo – Rodney in Mexico --

Y-09 -- Photo – Rodney  --

Y-10 -- Photo – Rodney --

Y-11 -- Photo – Rita Longa --

Y-12 -- Photo – Santiaguito Rey --

Y-13 -- Photo – Santiaguito Rey --

Y-14 -- Photo – Santiaguito Rey --

Y-15 -- Photo – Santiaguito Rey --

Y-16 -- Article – in the magazine  “Gente”, date April  1952 with a photo of Batista and Saladrigas --

Y-17 -- Photo -  Saladrigas visiting Tropicana --

Y-21 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona, dancer in Tropicana. --

Y-22 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona --

Y-23 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona, dancing Mambo --

Y-24 -- Photo – Brenda, model of Tropicana. --

Y-25 -- Photo – Brenda, model of Tropicana (other shot) --

Y-26 -- Photo – Fina de Villa, model of Tropicana  --

Y-27 -- Photo – Fina de Villa, model of Tropicana (other shot) --

Y-28 -- Photo – Hilda Fabiola, model of Tropicana. --

Y-31 -- Photo – Carmen Miranda in Tropicana.. --

Y-44 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona, in the gardens of Tropicana --

Y-45 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona at home --

Y-46 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona posing with tigre --

Y-47 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona next to her dolls. --

Y-48 -- Photo – Ana Gloria Varona and Rolando, always her dancing partner. --

Y-49 -- Photo – Ana Gloria and Rolando (another pose)  --

Y-50 -- Photo – Ana Gloria and Rolando (another pose) --

    

Z-01 -- Glass doilies– Tropicana, The Monte Carlo of Havana --

Z-02 -- Removers – Figure of the Ballerina” --

Z-03 -- Die with the name of Lefty Clark --

Z-04 -- Decorated dish with the image of a show of Tropicana --

Z-05 -- Cardboard of Tropicana’s Bingo --